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Development of Forestry and Parks in Beijing...

Time:2009-01-06 05:40:42  Source:  Author:

Through our efforts in expanding better managed forestry areas and by the improvement of eco-systems of Beijing, we have seen a significant change in the environment and landscapes. We have completed various forestry-related tasks as requested in the bidding report, and converted Beijing into a city having reasonable forested urban and suburban areas. The vibrant Beijing is ready for the Olympic Games.

1. Increase of the forest coverage in the mountainous regions to 70%

In Beijing, mountainous regions take up an area of 10,400 km2, which amount to approximately 62% of the total administrative area of 16,400 km2. The forest resources in these regions have significantly increased through years of forestation, especially during the 10th “Five-year Plan” period, and now play an important role in the improvement of Beijing's eco-systems. According to the municipal inventory in 2000, the forest coverage in the mountainous regions had reached 57.23%. By the end of 2004, the investigation on “secondary resources” has reported a forested area of 881,000 hectares in mountainous areas, which equals to a coverage of 67.85%.

The increase in forested areas in 2005 and 2006 were 6,867 hectares and 9,333 hectares, which increased the coverage to 68.52% and 69.52% respectively. The forestation plan for the year of 2007 will cover an area of 10,133 hectares, which will increase the coverage to 70.49%.

2. Increase of the “green coverage” in the urban areas to 40% (20 major environment projects)

We have implemented various landscape projects along with the renovation of urban environments, such as the establishment of green belts and the landscaping of water bodies, roads, railways, and resident areas. The rapid development of landscaping and urban forestry projects has increased the vegetation coverage in downtown Beijing to 42.5%.

Development of vegetation coverage in Beijing’s urban districts from 2001 to 2006:
2001: 38.56%
2002: 40.22%
2003: 41.07%
2004: 41.8%
2005: 42%
2006: 42.5%
Expected coverage by 2007: 43%


We have increased our efforts in establishing green belts in central downtown parks and improving urban eco-systems. A coherent system of green belts has been established in the central areas in an effort to improve both the eco-system and the landscape, as objected in the “General Planning for Beijing” and its approach to integrate the renovation of city environments into the preservation of historical sceneries. By the end of 2006, more than 100 green belt parts have been established in the city, bringing about an increase of 700 hectares of landscaped areas, which will provide the residents with more sites for rest and leisure and will add to the improvement of the local eco-systems.

Fast development of urban roads’ borders landscaping. The recently constructed roads are being adequately landscaped with trees and green stripes, existing roads are significantly renovated in order to improve the traffic landscape. The greening of main roads such as the 4th, 3rd and 2nd ring roads has been improved. Coupled with the comprehensive renovation of railways and water systems, the landscaping of the city has already received wide social recognition by the public.

The establishment of green belts within residence areas is progressing steadily, while the design and construction expertise are also improving. The rapid development of residential areas and the rising life-quality demands support this progress. Already established compounds are also renovated in order to improve the residential environment of all citizens.


3. Provision of a shelter forest belt with a width of 100m on both sides of the 4th ring road (except for under construction), achieving the "Green 4th Ring Road" objective. (20 major environment projects)

The 4th ring road has met the requirement of becoming a "Green 4th Ring Road". Its shelter forest belt is growing to a width of 100m on both sides. The 4th ring road is a major orbital expressway in Beijing and partly will also serve as an Olympic Boulevard in 2008. With a total length of 65.48 km the 4th ring road passes through the districts of Chaoyang, Haidian and Fengtai, through the high-tech park of Zhongguancun and the Beijing Central Business District, and is directly linked with the main stadiums of the 2008 Olympic Games. It circumvents the modernized downtown areas and neighbors many historical and cultural legacies such as the natural scenic spots in Xishan, Yuquanshan, and the Summer Palace, presenting to the world a unique blending of a modern metropole which is rich in its historical and cultural heritages.
After winning the right to host the Olympic Games, the government of Beijing has successfully relocated an area of 1,330 hectares for additional landscaping, in order to establish a landscaping framework and to convert the 4th ring road into a green scenic orbital expressway. To particularly notice is the eastern section of this road.

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